Cyber security consist of technologies, processes and controls that are used to protect the system, networks and cyber attack. Effective cyber security reduces the risk of cyber attacks, and protects organizations and individuals from the unauthorized exploitation of systems, networks and technologies.
Cyber attacks have become more sophisticated with attackers using an ever-growing variety of tactics to exploit vulnerabilities, such as social engineering, malware and ransomware. Cyber attacks can disrupt and cause considerable financial and reputational damage to even the most resilient organisation.
The top cyber security facing by an organizations are:
I. Ransomware -:
One of the fastest-growing forms of cyber attack, ransomware is a type of malware that demands payment after encrypting the victim’s files, making them inaccessible. Paying the ransom does not guarantee the recovery of all encrypted data.
Phising attack is being raised day by day. Often indistinguishable form of email, phone calls these scams can inflict enormous damage.
Malware is a broad term used to describe any file or programme intended to harm a computer, and encompasses trojans, social engineering, worms, viruses and spyware.
iv. Social Engineering-:
Social engineering is used to deceive and manipulate victims to gain computer access.
Solution to cyber Security
The most effective way to minimize the effect of cyber attack is to build a solid foundation. Solution providers often tell their clients their applications are 100% compatible and will operate seamlessly with the current IT infrastructure, and for the most part, this is true. The problem arises when we start adding IT security solutions from different manufacturers regardless of the granularity of their configuration settings – technology gaps will always be present.
Technology gaps will always appear for one simple reason: developers will always keep certain portions of their code proprietary as part of their competitive advantage. Hence, true compatibility and interoperability may only be 90%. These are known as technology gaps. It is through these gaps that attacks usually occur.